consciousness

Cerveau et conscience

Domaine de recherche principal: 

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Mots clefs: 

consciousness
perception
neuroimaging
Psychophysics
Brain function

Labelisation ENP: 

2014

Centre de recherche / Institut: 

ENS Ecole Normale Supérieure

Code unité de recherche: 

UMR 8554

Our team is composed of cognitive scientists working on the neurobiological and psychological foundations of consciousness. We are especially interested in how conscious and unconscious processes differ at both the psychological and neural level. We use various behavioral methods (e.g., priming, psychophysics) and brain imaging techniques (e.g., fMRI, EEG) to study how humans process things unconsciously (e.g., as in situations of subliminal perception, sleep or hypnosis) and compare it to situations of conscious processing.

Leader

Leader: 

Établissements

Établissement de rattachement: 

ENS

Établissements affiliés: 

CNRS
EHESS

Université: 

Université Paris Descartes - Université Pierre et Marie Curie

École doctorale: 

ED158 ED 474
Laboratory

Nom: 

Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique

Initiatives d'Excellence: 

Institut d'Etudes Cognitives
Publications

publications: 

Goupil L, Romand-Monnier M, Kouider S. Infants ask for help when they know they don't know. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Mar 29;113(13):3492-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1515129113. Epub 2016 Mar 7.

#Bastian, M., #Sackur, J. (2013). Mind-Wandering at the fingertips: automatic parsing of subjective states based on response time variability. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 1 -- 11.

#Kouider, S., Stahlhut, C., Gelskov, S., #Barbosa, L, de Gardelle, V., Dutat, M., Dehaene, S., & Dehaene-Lambertz, G. (2013).A neural marker of perceptual consciousness in infants. Science, 50(14), 3736?3744.

#Sackur, J.(2013). Two dimensions of visibility revealed by multidimensional scaling of metacontrast, Cognition, (in press).

Faivre, N., Charron, S., Roux, P., Lehericy, S., & #Kouider, S. (2012). Nonconscious Emotional Processing Involves Distinct Neural Pathways for Pictures and Videos. Neuropsychologia, 50(14), 3736?3744.

Faivre, N., Berthet, V. & #Kouider, S. (2012). Nonconscious influences from emotional faces: a comparison of visual crowding, masking, and continuous flash suppression. Frontiers in Consciousness Research, 3, 1?13.

NEURO-MODULATION (UVSQ)

Domaine de recherche principal: 

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Mots clefs: 

Brain imaging
consciousness
Neurological disability
Neuromodulation
Translational neuroscience

Labelisation ENP: 

2014

The long-term objective of this project is to apply high field MRI eventually combined with other neuroscience approaches, to develop physical (e.g. electric neurostimulation) and/or chemical (e.g. pharmacological delivery) devices of neuromodulation that target neuronal sites and manipulate specific aspects of cognition, motor behavior or consciousness, leading ultimately to the development of treatments for patients with related diseases (e.g. disorders of consciousness, Parkinson's disease...).

Établissements

Établissement de rattachement: 

Inserm

Université: 

Univ Pierre et Marie Curie

École doctorale: 

ED158
Laboratory

Nom: 

Unicog Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit

Initiatives d'Excellence: 

IDEX Paris-Saclay / NeuroSaclay, IHU Handimedex
Publications

publications: 

-Arsenault J, Nelissen K, Jarraya B#, Vanduffel W. Dopaminergic reward signals selectively decrease fMRI activity in primate visual cortex. Neuron. Mars 2013.

-D. Le Bihan, O. Joly#, T. Aso, L. Uhrig#, C. Poupon, N. Tani#, H. Iwamuro#, S-I. Urayama, B. Jarraya# Brain tissue water comes in two pools: Evidence from diffusion and R2? measurements with USPIOs in non human primates. NeuroImage. 2012 May 11.

-K Nelissen*, B Jarraya* #, J Arsenault, B R. Rosen, L L. Wald, J B. Mandeville, J. J. Marota, W Vanduffel. Neural correlates of formation and retention of cocaine-induced stimulus-reward associations. Biological Psychiatry. 2012 Mar 20. * co-authoring

-L Ciobanu, O Reynaud, L Uhrig#, B Jarraya#, D Le Bihan. Effects of Anesthetic Agents on Brain Blood Oxygenation Level Revealed with Ultra-High Field MRI PlosONE. 2012;7(3):e32645.

- N Tani#, O Joly#, H Iwamuro#, L Uhrig#, C J. Wiggins, C Poupon, H Kolster, W Vanduffei, D Le Bihan, S Palfi#, B Jarraya# Direct visualization of non-human primate subcortical nuclei with contrast-enhanced high field MRI. NeuroImage 2011 Sep 1;58(1):60-8.

- Jarraya B#, Boulet S, Scott Ralph G, Jan C, Bonvento G, Azzouz M, E. Miskin J, Shin M, DelzescauxT, Drouot X, Hérard A.S, M. Day D, Brouillet E, M. Kingsman S, Hantraye P, A. Mitrophanous K, D. Mazarakis N, Palfi S#. Dopamine Gene Therapy for Parkinson?s Disease in a Nonhuman Primate Without Associated Dyskinesia. Science Translational Medicine Vol 1 2009.

Laboratoire de neuro-imagerie cognitive

Domaine de recherche principal: 

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Mots clefs: 

language
Functional imaging
cognition
calculation
consciousness

Labelisation ENP: 

2007

Centre de recherche / Institut: 

Neurospin

Code unité de recherche: 

U992

La mission de ce laboratoire est d'analyser les bases cérébrales des fonctions cognitives, chez l'homme normal et chez certains patients neurologiques, en développant et en exploitant les méthodes modernes de la neuro-imagerie conjointement à l'utilisation de paradigmes expérimentaux issus de la psychologie cognitive.

Nos principaux axes de recherche:

Leader

Leader: 

Personnel

Membres de l'équipe: 

Philippe Pinel
SCHURGER Aaron
MEYNIEL Florent
MARTI Sébastien
NELSON Matthew
HANNAGHAN Thomas
MOUTARD Clement
AMALRIC Marie
PINHEIRO CHAGAS Pedro
MAHEU Maxime
TROVO Bianca
POTIER WATKINS Cassandra
SANTORO Giovanna
LABRUNA Laurence
Établissements

Établissement de rattachement: 

Inserm

Établissements affiliés: 

Collège de France
CEA

Université: 

Université Paris Sud 11

École doctorale: 

ED419 - ED158
Laboratory

Nom: 

Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit

Initiatives d'Excellence: 

Idex Neuro Saclay, ERC Advanced "NeuroSyntax"
Publications

publications: 

Amalric, M., & Dehaene, S. (2016). Origins of the brain networks for advanced mathematics in expert mathematicians. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201603205. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1603205113

 

Meyniel, F., & Dehaene, S. (2017). Brain networks for confidence weighting and hierarchical inference during probabilistic learning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(19), E3859–E3868. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1615773114

Meyniel, F., Maheu, M., & Dehaene, S. (2016). Human Inferences about Sequences: A Minimal Transition Probability Model. PLoS Computational Biology, 12(12), e1005260. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005260

Nelson, M. J., El Karoui, I., Giber, K., Yang, X., Cohen, L., Koopman, H., … Dehaene, S. (2017). Neurophysiological dynamics of phrase-structure building during sentence processing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(18), E3669–E3678. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1701590114

Trübutschek, D., Marti, S., Ojeda, A., King, J.-R., Mi, Y., Tsodyks, M., & Dehaene, S. (2017). A theory of working memory without consciousness or sustained activity. eLife, 6. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.23871

Visual Cognition Group

Domaine de recherche principal: 

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Mots clefs: 

electrophysiology
consciousness
human visual system
attention
brain-body interactions

Labelisation ENP: 

2007

Centre de recherche / Institut: 

ENS Ecole Normale Supérieure

Code unité de recherche: 

U960

The articulation between cognition and consciousness

We use MEG and behavior to understand how the neural processes performing perceptual (ie, figure/ground) or cognitive (ie, attentional selection) are articulated with those giving rise to visual subjective experience.

How brain-body loops may participate to the emergence of consciousness

Leader

Leader: 

Personnel

Etudiants ENP: 

Établissements

Établissement de rattachement: 

Ecole Normale Supérieure

Établissements affiliés: 

Inserm

Université: 

Université Pierre et Marie Curie

École doctorale: 

ED158
Laboratory

Nom: 

Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives

Initiatives d'Excellence: 

Institut d'Etudes Cognitives
Publications

publications: 

Park HD, Tallon-Baudry C. The neural subjective frame: from bodily signals to perceptual consciousness. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2014 Mar 17;369(1641):20130208. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2013.0208. Print 2014 May 5.

Sergent C., Wyart V., Babo-Rebelo M., Naccache L., Cohen L., Tallon-Baudry C. (2013) Cueing attention after the stimulus is gone can retrospectively trigger conscious perception. Current Biology 23, 150-155.

Rastelli, F., Tallon-Baudry, C., Migliaccio, R., Toba, M.N., Ducorps, A., Pradat-Diehl, P., Duret, C., Dubois, B., Valero-Cabre, A., and Bartolomeo, P. (2013) Neural dynamics of neglected targets in patients with right hemisphere damage, Cortex, 49(7), 1989-1996.

Campana, F. and Tallon-Baudry, C. (2013) Anchoring visual subjective experience in a neural model: The coarse vividness hypothesis. Neuropsychologia, 51(6), 1050-1060.

Chanes, L., Quentin, R., Tallon-Baudry, C., and Valero-Cabre, R. (2013) Causal frequency-specific contributions of frontal spatiotemporal patterns induced by non-invasive neurostimulation to human visual performance (2013), Journal of Neuroscience, 33, 5000-5005.

Gamond L, Tallon-Baudry C, Guyon N, Lemaréchal JD, Hugueville L, George N. (2012) Behavioral evidence for differences in social and non-social category learning. Frontiers in Psychology 3:291.