Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy
The Audition team is investigating the mechanisms of auditory perception, at the interface between low-level processing of acoustic features and high-level cognitive processes. We use a wide range of tools in order to address this research topic, from single unit recordings in behaving animals to advanced psychophysics and EEG in human subjects. Current projects in the lab revolve around three major threads:
The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is a major challenge in Neurosciences. This brain region controls behavior adaptation and highercognitive functions that are needed for complex social interaction, abstract thinking, reasoning, planning or creativity.
Le langage est une fonction cognitive complexe, impliquant le traitement de plusieurs niveaux interconnectés de structure linguistique (par ex., phonologie, syntaxe, sémantique). L’objectif de nos recherches est de comprendre les mécanismes (neuro-)psychologiques sous-jacents au traitement du langage par les adultes et à son acquisition rapide par les nourrissons et les jeunes enfants.
The Brain Dynamics group focuses on the chronoarchitecture of the Human brain supporting perception and cognition.Our work is committed to the view that perception and cognition rely on inferential brain processes which are fundamental to contemporary theories of cortical functions. Neural inferences are shaped by both hard and soft constraints e.g. cognitive architecture and plasticity, respectively.
The Ageing in Vision and Action team is a new research group created in 2014 at the Institute of Vision, Paris. It aims at gaining a better understanding of the perceptive and cognitive disturbances occurring with natural visual ageing in humans. Natural ageing of the visual system induces a complex pattern of perceptual, cognitive, and executive disturbances. The natural progressive degradation of visual functions in the elderly is the core subject of the Ageing in Vision and Action team.
Nous étudions les bases neurales de la mémoire spatiale grâce à des tests de navigation. La navigation est la capacité à se localiser dans un environnement et à trouver son chemin vers un but. La mémoire spatiale est une fonction centrale à cette capacité et son altération peut perturber la navigation. C’est par exemple le cas dans certaines pathologies de la mémoire telle que la maladie d'Alzheimer.
Currently developping several research topics
1- Spike-based predictive coding:
The PICNIC lab is devoted to the study of cognitive functions with an exclusive or prevalent development in humans, namely language and conscious cognition. The study of brain-damaged patients occupies a central position in our methodological approach. For the study of both language and consciousness, and with both patients and healthy subjects, we resort to state-of-the-art behavioural methods and multimodal brain imaging (MRI, high-density surface EEG and intracerebral implanted electrodes).
Our team is composed of cognitive scientists working on the neurobiological and psychological foundations of consciousness. We are especially interested in how conscious and unconscious processes differ at both the psychological and neural level. We use various behavioral methods (e.g., priming, psychophysics) and brain imaging techniques (e.g., fMRI, EEG) to study how humans process things unconsciously (e.g., as in situations of subliminal perception, sleep or hypnosis) and compare it to situations of conscious processing.