UMR 8554

Le langage et son aquisition

Domaine de recherche principal: 

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Mots clefs: 

language acquisition, language processing, interdisciplinary, EEG, fNIRS

Labelisation ENP: 

2016

Centre de recherche / Institut: 

ENS Ecole Normale Supérieure

Code unité de recherche: 

UMR 8554

Le langage est une fonction cognitive complexe, impliquant le traitement de plusieurs niveaux interconnectés de structure linguistique (par ex., phonologie, syntaxe, sémantique). L’objectif de nos recherches est de comprendre les mécanismes (neuro-)psychologiques sous-jacents au traitement du langage par les adultes et à son acquisition rapide par les nourrissons et les jeunes enfants.

Leader

Leader: 

Personnel

Membres de l'équipe: 

CHEMLA Emmanuel
CRISTIA Alejandrina
PEPERKAMP Sharon
Établissements

Établissement de rattachement: 

ENS

Établissements affiliés: 

CNRS
EHESS

École doctorale: 

ED3C
Laboratory

Nom: 

Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique

Initiatives d'Excellence: 

Labex IEC (Institut d'Etude de la Cognition), Idex PSL, ANR
Publications

publications: 

Schlenker, P., Chemla, E., and Zuberbühler, K. (2016). What Do Monkey Calls Mean? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20(12): 894--904. 2016.

de Carvalho, A., Dautriche, I. & Christophe A. (2016). Preschoolers use phrasal prosody online to constrain syntactic analysis. Developmental Science, 19, 235-250.3.    

Bergmann, C., & Cristia, A. (2016). Development of infants’ segmentation of words from native speech: A meta-analytic approach. Developmental Science, 9(6), 901-917. DOI: 10.1111/desc.12341 

Sun, Y., M. Giavazzi, M. Adda-Decker, L. Barbosa, S. Kouider, A.-C. Bachoud-Lévi, C. Jacquemot & S. Peperkamp (2015). Complex linguistic rules modulate early auditory brain responses. Brain and Language 149, 55-65.

Brusini, P., Dehaene-Lambertz, G., Dutat, M., Goffinet, F. & Christophe, A. (2016). ERP evidence for on-line syntactic computations in 2-year-olds. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 19, 164-173.

Cerveau et conscience

Domaine de recherche principal: 

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Mots clefs: 

consciousness
perception
neuroimaging
Psychophysics
Brain function

Labelisation ENP: 

2014

Centre de recherche / Institut: 

ENS Ecole Normale Supérieure

Code unité de recherche: 

UMR 8554

Our team is composed of cognitive scientists working on the neurobiological and psychological foundations of consciousness. We are especially interested in how conscious and unconscious processes differ at both the psychological and neural level. We use various behavioral methods (e.g., priming, psychophysics) and brain imaging techniques (e.g., fMRI, EEG) to study how humans process things unconsciously (e.g., as in situations of subliminal perception, sleep or hypnosis) and compare it to situations of conscious processing.

Leader

Leader: 

Établissements

Établissement de rattachement: 

ENS

Établissements affiliés: 

CNRS
EHESS

Université: 

Université Paris Descartes - Université Pierre et Marie Curie

École doctorale: 

ED158 ED 474
Laboratory

Nom: 

Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique

Initiatives d'Excellence: 

Institut d'Etudes Cognitives
Publications

publications: 

Goupil L, Romand-Monnier M, Kouider S. Infants ask for help when they know they don't know. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Mar 29;113(13):3492-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1515129113. Epub 2016 Mar 7.

#Bastian, M., #Sackur, J. (2013). Mind-Wandering at the fingertips: automatic parsing of subjective states based on response time variability. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 1 -- 11.

#Kouider, S., Stahlhut, C., Gelskov, S., #Barbosa, L, de Gardelle, V., Dutat, M., Dehaene, S., & Dehaene-Lambertz, G. (2013).A neural marker of perceptual consciousness in infants. Science, 50(14), 3736?3744.

#Sackur, J.(2013). Two dimensions of visibility revealed by multidimensional scaling of metacontrast, Cognition, (in press).

Faivre, N., Charron, S., Roux, P., Lehericy, S., & #Kouider, S. (2012). Nonconscious Emotional Processing Involves Distinct Neural Pathways for Pictures and Videos. Neuropsychologia, 50(14), 3736?3744.

Faivre, N., Berthet, V. & #Kouider, S. (2012). Nonconscious influences from emotional faces: a comparison of visual crowding, masking, and continuous flash suppression. Frontiers in Consciousness Research, 3, 1?13.

Apprentissage machine et développement cognitif

Domaine de recherche principal: 

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Mots clefs: 

Neurosciences computationnelles
Psycholinguistique
acquisition du langage
machine learning
traitement du signal

Labelisation ENP: 

2008

Centre de recherche / Institut: 

ENS Ecole Normale Supérieure

Code unité de recherche: 

UMR 8554

During the last thirty years, developmental psychology have documented the surprising speed and robustness with which babies learn the linguistics and social characteristics of their maternal environment. During the first year alone, infants achieve impressive landmarks regarding three key language components (see Figure 1).

Leader

Leader: 

Personnel

Etudiants ENP: 

Membres de l'équipe: 

LUDUSAN Bogdan
DUNBAR EWAN
SYNNAEVE Gabriel
CAO Xuan-Nga
Établissements

Établissement de rattachement: 

Ecole Normale Supérieure

Établissements affiliés: 

CNRS
Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales

École doctorale: 

ED 158
Laboratory

Nom: 

Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique

Initiatives d'Excellence: 

Labex IEC
Publications

publications: 

Ludusan B, Cristia A, Martin A, Mazuka R, Dupoux E. Learnability of prosodic boundaries: Is infant-directed speech easier? J Acoust Soc Am. 2016 Aug;140(2):1239. doi: 10.1121/1.4960576.

Buon M, Jacob P, Margules S, Brunet I, Dutat M, Cabrol D, Dupoux E. Friend or foe? Early social evaluation of human interactions. PLoS One. 2014 Feb 19;9(2):e88612. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088612. eCollection 2014.

Ngon, Martin, #Dupoux, et al .(2013). Nonwords, nonwords, nonwords. Developmental Science, 16(1), 24-34.

Minagawa-Kawai, ... & #Dupoux (2013). Insights on NIRS sensitivity. Frontiers in Language Sciences, 4(170.

Martin , Peperkamp, & #Dupoux (2013). Learning Phonemes with a Proto-lexicon. Cognitive Science, 37, 103-124.

Jansen, #Dupoux, et al. (2013). Zero resource speech technologies and models of early language acquisition. Proceedings of ICASSP 2013.

Cristia, #Dupoux, et al. (2013). An online database of infant functional Near InfraRed Spectroscopy. PLoS One, 8(3), e58906.

Développement cognitif et pathologie

Domaine de recherche principal: 

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Mots clefs: 

langage
imagerie
Génétique
Cognition sociale
Troubles du développement

Labelisation ENP: 

2007

Centre de recherche / Institut: 

ENS Ecole Normale Supérieure

Code unité de recherche: 

UMR 8554

The leading thread behind our research can be summed up in this single question:

How can the human genome build a brain that can acquire a language, and other typically human cognitive skills?

We attempt to address this question by studying developmental disorders affecting language and/or social cognition (dyslexia, specific language impairment, autism), at all the relevant levels of description: cognitive, neural and genetic.

Leader

Leader: 

Établissements

Établissement de rattachement: 

Ecole Normale Supérieure

Établissements affiliés: 

CNRS
Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales

Université: 

Ecole Normale Supérieure

École doctorale: 

ED158
Laboratory

Nom: 

Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique

Initiatives d'Excellence: 

Labex Institut d'Etude de la Cognition
Publications

publications: 

Roux, P., Smith, P., Passerieux, C., & Ramus, F. (2016). Preserved implicit mentalizing in schizophrenia despite poor explicit performance: evidence from eye tracking. Scientific Reports, 6, 34728. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep34728 Pdf

Peyre, H., Galera, C., van der Waerden, J., Hoertel, N., Bernard, J. Y., Melchior, M., & Ramus, F. (2016). Relationship between early language skills and the development of inattention/hyperactivity symptoms during the preschool period: Results of the EDEN mother-child cohort. BMC Psychiatry, 16, 380. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-016-1091-3 Pdf

Ramus, F., Altarelli, I., Jednoróg, K., Zhao, J., & Scotto di Covella, L. (in press). Neuroanatomy of developmental dyslexia: pitfalls and promise. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews Pdf.

Płoński, P., Gradkowski, W., Altarelli, I., Monzalvo, K., Van Ermingen-Marbach, M., Grande, M., Ramus, F., & Jednoróg, K. (2017). Multi-parameter machine learning approach to the neuroanatomical basis of developmental dyslexia. Human Brain Mapping, 38(2), 900‑908 Pdf.

Forgeot d’Arc, B., Delorme, R., Zalla, T., Lefebvre, A., Amsellem, F., Moukawane, S., Ramus, F. (2017). Gaze Direction Detection in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Autism, 21(1), 100-107. Pdf