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Registration for next year’s European Neuroscience Conference by/for Doctoral Students (ENCODS 2017)

ENCODS is a conference for PhD students at all stages of their PhD. Great communications skills are a vital part of disseminating science, which is why the program includes workshops evolving subjects like scientific writing and presentation skills. ENCODS is a great way for young scientists to interact with each other and with senior scientists in a different setting than usual, and serves as the optimal platform for the initiation of important collaborations across borders. At ENCODS, we believe that open-minded interaction is key to moving the field forward. We encourage all PhD students with an interest for Neuroscience to visit encods.eu to read more about the conference and apply for the 2017 ENCODS. In total, 150 students will be selected to participate in the meeting, which will be held only 70 minutes by public transport from the airport in Copenhagen.

ENCODS 2017 will take place May 4th-6th, making it a perfect fit for attending the FENS 2016 in Alicante, Spain, starting immediately after.

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UNDERSTANDING THE BRAIN is one of the most ambitious projects of the 21st century. The physiological processes that are underlying activities such as learning, perception, vigilance, stress resistance, decision making or interactions between humans and machines are now within the scope of a better understanding by neuroscientists. Applications are numerous for our everyday life but also for neuropsychiatric pathologies' treatment.

In order to enhance research in these fields and to foster scientific excellence in France,  ENP scouts today for the few who will make tomorrow's research.

Research Highlight: Three-dimensional spatiotemporal focusing of holographic patterns
ENP group leader Valentina Emiliani and coll. now demonstrate  the experimental achievement of a unique optical system that would enable in combination with other imaging  or functional approaches to photactivate simultaneously cellular- and/or sub-structures in vivo, in several planes in depth .
Research Highlight: Reallocation of Olfactory Cajal-Retzius Cells Shapes Neocortex Architecture
Our understanding of the mechanisms involved in the development of upper cortical association layers is limited. ENP team leader Sonia Garel and colleagues now show that, in mice, the density of a population of early-born transient glutamatergic neurons known as Cajal–Retzius cells (CRCs) in the Marginal Zone is essential to the proper development of the circuitery during necortical growth.
Research Highlight: Astrocytes gate Hebbian synaptic plasticity in the striatum
Astrocytes control the strength and timing of synaptic inputs by fast glutamate uptake via EAAT2 glutamate transporter. However, whether astrocytes contribute to the fine temporal detection of incoming inputs important for plasticity expression is yet unknown. Spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) is a synaptic Hebbian learning rule allowing for associative storage of relevant firing patterns. Temporal coding via STDP in the striatum may be essential for the association of sensory and motor events during procedural learning.