perception

Brain and Consciousness

Main field of research: 

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Keywords: 

consciousness
perception
neuroimaging
Psychophysics
Brain function

ENP label: 

2014

Research Center / Institute: 

ENS Ecole Normale Supérieure

Research Unit Code: 

UMR 8554

Our team is composed of cognitive scientists working on the neurobiological and psychological foundations of consciousness. We are especially interested in how conscious and unconscious processes differ at both the psychological and neural level. We use various behavioral methods (e.g., priming, psychophysics) and brain imaging techniques (e.g., fMRI, EEG) to study how humans process things unconsciously (e.g., as in situations of subliminal perception, sleep or hypnosis) and compare it to situations of conscious processing.

Leader

Leader: 

Institutions

Principal Institution: 

ENS

Affiliated institutions: 

CNRS
EHESS

University: 

Université Paris Descartes - Université Pierre et Marie Curie

Doctoral School: 

ED158 ED 474
Laboratory

Surname: 

Institut d'Etudes de la Cognition

Initiatives d'Excellence: 

Institut d'Etudes Cognitives
Publications

Publications: 

Goupil L, Romand-Monnier M, Kouider S. Infants ask for help when they know they don't know. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Mar 29;113(13):3492-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1515129113. Epub 2016 Mar 7.

#Bastian, M., #Sackur, J. (2013). Mind-Wandering at the fingertips: automatic parsing of subjective states based on response time variability. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 1 -- 11.

#Kouider, S., Stahlhut, C., Gelskov, S., #Barbosa, L, de Gardelle, V., Dutat, M., Dehaene, S., & Dehaene-Lambertz, G. (2013).A neural marker of perceptual consciousness in infants. Science, 50(14), 3736?3744.

#Sackur, J.(2013). Two dimensions of visibility revealed by multidimensional scaling of metacontrast, Cognition, (in press).

Faivre, N., Charron, S., Roux, P., Lehericy, S., & #Kouider, S. (2012). Nonconscious Emotional Processing Involves Distinct Neural Pathways for Pictures and Videos. Neuropsychologia, 50(14), 3736?3744.

Faivre, N., Berthet, V. & #Kouider, S. (2012). Nonconscious influences from emotional faces: a comparison of visual crowding, masking, and continuous flash suppression. Frontiers in Consciousness Research, 3, 1?13.

Social and Affective Neuroscience Team (SAN)

Main field of research: 

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Keywords: 

Depression
psychiatry
MEG
emotion
perception
social processes
social and affective neuroscience
EEG
fMRI

ENP label: 

2014

Research Center / Institute: 

Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle épinière

Research Unit Code: 

UMRS 1127 UMR 7225

The SAN team gathers together three PIs with complementary expertise in affective neuroscience, social neuroscience, and psychiatry. Our project focuses on the functional neuroanatomy of the emotional brain. We study the brain systems of emotion detection, evaluation, and regulation, with an emphasis on how social processes (eg social inclusion) activate and regulate the emotional brain. Dysfunction of the emotional brain is central to many mental disorders and in particular to major depressive disorder (MDD).

Leader

Leader: 

Personal

Team members: 

MILLET Bruno
Institutions

Principal Institution: 

Inserm

Affiliated institutions: 

CNRS
Université Pierre et Marie Curie

University: 

Université Pierre et Marie Curie

Doctoral School: 

ED 158
Laboratory

Initiatives d'Excellence: 

Institute for Translational Neuroscience (IHU-A-ICM), Paris
Publications

Publications: 

Mauras, T., Masson, M., Fossati, P*., & Pessiglione, M*. (2016). Incentive Sensitivity as a Behavioral Marker of Clinical Remission From Major Depressive Episode. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 77(6), E697-+. * equal contribution

Rotge, J. Y., Poitou, C., Fossati, P., Aron-Wisnewsky, J., & Oppert, J. M. (2017). Decision-making in obesity without eating disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis of Iowa gambling task performances. Obes Rev.

Resibois, M., Verduyn, P., Delaveau, P., Rotge, J. Y., Kuppens, P., Van Mechelen, I., & Fossati, P. (2017). The neural basis of emotions varies over time: Different regions go with onset- and offset-bound processes underlying emotion intensity. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsx051. [Epub ahead of print]

Delaveau, P., Arruda Sanchez, T., Steffen, R., Deschet, K., Jabourian, M., Perlbarg, V., Gasparetto, E. L., Dubal, S., Costa, E. S. J., & Fossati, P. (2017). Default mode and task-positive networks connectivity during the N-Back task in remitted depressed patients with or without emotional residual symptoms. Hum Brain Mapp.

Burra, N., Baker, S., & George, N. (2017). Processing of gaze direction within the N170 / M170 time window: A combined EEG / MEG study. Neuropsychologia.