Cognitive development and pathology

Leader

Research center

45 rue d’Ulm
75230 Paris
Marc Mézard

Institution

Ecole Normale Supérieure
CNRS
Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales
ED158
Ecole Normale Supérieure

Laboratory

Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique
UMR 8554
Labex Institut d'Etude de la Cognition

Keywords

language
neuroimaging
social cognition
developmental disorders
genetics
Available to host a PhD student

Publications

Ramus, F., Altarelli, I., Jednoróg, K., Zhao, J., & Scotto di Covella, L. (in press). Neuroanatomy of developmental dyslexia: pitfalls and promise. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews Pdf.

Płoński, P., Gradkowski, W., Altarelli, I., Monzalvo, K., Van Ermingen-Marbach, M., Grande, M., Ramus, F., & Jednoróg, K. (2017). Multi-parameter machine learning approach to the neuroanatomical basis of developmental dyslexia. Human Brain Mapping, 38(2), 900‑908 Pdf.

 

Forgeot d’Arc, B., Delorme, R., Zalla, T., Lefebvre, A., Amsellem, F., Moukawane, S., Ramus, F. (2017). Gaze Direction Detection in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Autism, 21(1), 100-107. Pdf

Peyre, H., Galera, C., van der Waerden, J., Hoertel, N., Bernard, J. Y., Melchior, M., & Ramus, F. (2016). Relationship between early language skills and the development of inattention/hyperactivity symptoms during the preschool period: Results of the EDEN mother-child cohort. BMC Psychiatry, 16, 380. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-016-1091-3 Pdf

Roux, P., Smith, P., Passerieux, C., & Ramus, F. (2016). Preserved implicit mentalizing in schizophrenia despite poor explicit performance: evidence from eye tracking. Scientific Reports, 6, 34728. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep34728 Pdf

Fields of research

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Research Theme

The leading thread behind our research can be summed up in this single question:

How can the human genome build a brain that can acquire a language, and other typically human cognitive skills?

We attempt to address this question by studying developmental disorders affecting language and/or social cognition (dyslexia, specific language impairment, autism), at all the relevant levels of description: cognitive, neural and genetic.

Lab rotation

Cortical oscillations in normal speech processing and in developmental dyslexia

Team leader: 

RAMUS Franck

Dates: 

January 2, 2018 - June 29, 2018

Application deadline: 

June 29, 2018

Period

~ Jan-March 2018

~ April-June 2018

Project

In the Dysbrain project, adult dyslexic and control  participants have undergone both an MRI scan and an MEG recording of their responses to auditory stimuli. This project would bear on the analysis of these MEG recordings, either to noise or to speech stimuli. The aim is both to illuminate some fundamental mechanisms of speech processing, and to understand to what extent these mechanisms differ in dyslexia.

Other projects are available: http://www.lscp.net/persons/ramus/en/teaching.html

Contact

Ecole Normale Supérieure - Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique - 29, rue d’Ulm 75005 Paris - +33 1 44 32 26 19 - Franck.ramus@ens.fr

Supervisor: 

RAMUS Franck & LIZARAZU Mikel