In 2018, the ENP will continue to support the "ENP-Université Paris Descartes-ENS spring course on Optical Imaging and Electrophysiological Recording in Neuroscience", 14th-25th may 2018, Paris Descartes University and ENS.
The École des Neurosciences de Paris Île-de-France (ENP) is a Foundation created in 2007 at the instigation of the French Ministry of Research as a Thematic Network for Advanced Research (RTRA in French).
Team leader Valentina Emiliani and coll in collaboration with Ed Boyden at MIT (Cambridge, USA) now devised a way to control single-neuron by optogenetics. Authors using a light-sensitive opsine protein targeted to neuronal bodies (soma-targeted) developed by Ed Boyden and taking advantage of the patterned 2-photon holographic illumination for optogenetics applications developed by the highly skilled expertise of the Emiliani’s team show exquisite figures and recordings of single synaptic response to stimulation paving therefore the way for a future clear neuronal connectivity map.
ENP team leader Luc Maroteaux and coll determine to unravel links between serotonin and dopamine systems in development and pathophysiological situations. Cocaïne, a powerfully addictive stimulant drug because of the changes it creates in the brain after repeated use, is known to increase levels of the brain dopamine.
Listeners may learn novel sensory informations during sleep but the question of how sleep stages and their associated rhythms modulate environmental learning remains unanswered. ENP team leader Sid Kouider and his coll. now demonstrate that the formation and suppression of new memories can take place during sleep.