UMR 8554

Language and its acquisition

Main field of research: 

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Keywords: 

language acquisition, language processing, interdisciplinary, EEG, fNIRS

ENP label: 

2016

Research Center / Institute: 

ENS Ecole Normale Supérieure

Research Unit Code: 

UMR 8554

Language is a complex cognitive function, involving the processing of several interacting levels of linguistic structure (e.g., phonology, syntax, semantics). The aim of our research is to understand the (neuro-)psychological mechanisms underlying the processing of human language in adults and its rapid and efficient acquisition in infants and young children.

Leader

Leader: 

Personal

Team members: 

CHEMLA Emmanuel
CRISTIA Alejandrina
PEPERKAMP Sharon
Institutions

Principal Institution: 

ENS

Affiliated institutions: 

CNRS
EHESS

Doctoral School: 

ED3C
Laboratory

Surname: 

Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique

Initiatives d'Excellence: 

Labex IEC (Institut d'Etude de la Cognition), Idex PSL, ANR
Publications

Publications: 

Schlenker, P., Chemla, E., and Zuberbühler, K. (2016). What Do Monkey Calls Mean? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20(12): 894--904. 2016.

de Carvalho, A., Dautriche, I. & Christophe A. (2016). Preschoolers use phrasal prosody online to constrain syntactic analysis. Developmental Science, 19, 235-250.3.    

Bergmann, C., & Cristia, A. (2016). Development of infants’ segmentation of words from native speech: A meta-analytic approach. Developmental Science, 9(6), 901-917. DOI: 10.1111/desc.12341 

Sun, Y., M. Giavazzi, M. Adda-Decker, L. Barbosa, S. Kouider, A.-C. Bachoud-Lévi, C. Jacquemot & S. Peperkamp (2015). Complex linguistic rules modulate early auditory brain responses. Brain and Language 149, 55-65.

Brusini, P., Dehaene-Lambertz, G., Dutat, M., Goffinet, F. & Christophe, A. (2016). ERP evidence for on-line syntactic computations in 2-year-olds. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 19, 164-173.

Brain and Consciousness

Main field of research: 

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Keywords: 

consciousness
perception
neuroimaging
Psychophysics
Brain function

ENP label: 

2014

Research Center / Institute: 

ENS Ecole Normale Supérieure

Research Unit Code: 

UMR 8554

Our team is composed of cognitive scientists working on the neurobiological and psychological foundations of consciousness. We are especially interested in how conscious and unconscious processes differ at both the psychological and neural level. We use various behavioral methods (e.g., priming, psychophysics) and brain imaging techniques (e.g., fMRI, EEG) to study how humans process things unconsciously (e.g., as in situations of subliminal perception, sleep or hypnosis) and compare it to situations of conscious processing.

Leader

Leader: 

Institutions

Principal Institution: 

ENS

Affiliated institutions: 

CNRS
EHESS

University: 

Université Paris Descartes - Université Pierre et Marie Curie

Doctoral School: 

ED158 ED 474
Laboratory

Surname: 

Institut d'Etudes de la Cognition

Initiatives d'Excellence: 

Institut d'Etudes Cognitives
Publications

Publications: 

Goupil L, Romand-Monnier M, Kouider S. Infants ask for help when they know they don't know. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Mar 29;113(13):3492-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1515129113. Epub 2016 Mar 7.

#Bastian, M., #Sackur, J. (2013). Mind-Wandering at the fingertips: automatic parsing of subjective states based on response time variability. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 1 -- 11.

#Kouider, S., Stahlhut, C., Gelskov, S., #Barbosa, L, de Gardelle, V., Dutat, M., Dehaene, S., & Dehaene-Lambertz, G. (2013).A neural marker of perceptual consciousness in infants. Science, 50(14), 3736?3744.

#Sackur, J.(2013). Two dimensions of visibility revealed by multidimensional scaling of metacontrast, Cognition, (in press).

Faivre, N., Charron, S., Roux, P., Lehericy, S., & #Kouider, S. (2012). Nonconscious Emotional Processing Involves Distinct Neural Pathways for Pictures and Videos. Neuropsychologia, 50(14), 3736?3744.

Faivre, N., Berthet, V. & #Kouider, S. (2012). Nonconscious influences from emotional faces: a comparison of visual crowding, masking, and continuous flash suppression. Frontiers in Consciousness Research, 3, 1?13.

Cognitive machine learning

Main field of research: 

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Keywords: 

Neurosciences computationnelles
Psycholinguistique
acquisition du langage
machine learning
traitement du signal

ENP label: 

2008

Research Center / Institute: 

ENS Ecole Normale Supérieure

Research Unit Code: 

UMR 8554

During the last thirty years, developmental psychology have documented the surprising speed and robustness with which babies learn the linguistics and social characteristics of their maternal environment. During the first year alone, infants achieve impressive landmarks regarding three key language components (see Figure 1).

Leader

Leader: 

Personal

ENP Students: 

Team members: 

LUDUSAN Bogdan
DUNBAR EWAN
SYNNAEVE Gabriel
CAO Xuan-Nga
Institutions

Principal Institution: 

Ecole Normale Supérieure

Affiliated institutions: 

CNRS
Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales

Doctoral School: 

ED 158
Laboratory

Surname: 

Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique

Initiatives d'Excellence: 

Labex IEC
Publications

Publications: 

Ludusan B, Cristia A, Martin A, Mazuka R, Dupoux E. Learnability of prosodic boundaries: Is infant-directed speech easier? J Acoust Soc Am. 2016 Aug;140(2):1239. doi: 10.1121/1.4960576.

Buon M, Jacob P, Margules S, Brunet I, Dutat M, Cabrol D, Dupoux E. Friend or foe? Early social evaluation of human interactions. PLoS One. 2014 Feb 19;9(2):e88612. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088612. eCollection 2014.

Ngon, Martin, #Dupoux, et al .(2013). Nonwords, nonwords, nonwords. Developmental Science, 16(1), 24-34.

Minagawa-Kawai, ... & #Dupoux (2013). Insights on NIRS sensitivity. Frontiers in Language Sciences, 4(170.

Martin , Peperkamp, & #Dupoux (2013). Learning Phonemes with a Proto-lexicon. Cognitive Science, 37, 103-124.

Jansen, #Dupoux, et al. (2013). Zero resource speech technologies and models of early language acquisition. Proceedings of ICASSP 2013.

Cristia, #Dupoux, et al. (2013). An online database of infant functional Near InfraRed Spectroscopy. PLoS One, 8(3), e58906.

Cognitive development and pathology

Main field of research: 

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Keywords: 

language
neuroimaging
social cognition
developmental disorders
genetics

ENP label: 

2007

Research Center / Institute: 

ENS Ecole Normale Supérieure

Research Unit Code: 

UMR 8554

The leading thread behind our research can be summed up in this single question:

How can the human genome build a brain that can acquire a language, and other typically human cognitive skills?

We attempt to address this question by studying developmental disorders affecting language and/or social cognition (dyslexia, specific language impairment, autism), at all the relevant levels of description: cognitive, neural and genetic.

Leader

Leader: 

Institutions

Principal Institution: 

Ecole Normale Supérieure

Affiliated institutions: 

CNRS
Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales

University: 

Ecole Normale Supérieure

Doctoral School: 

ED158
Laboratory

Surname: 

Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique

Initiatives d'Excellence: 

Labex Institut d'Etude de la Cognition
Publications

Publications: 

Ramus, F., Altarelli, I., Jednoróg, K., Zhao, J., & Scotto di Covella, L. (in press). Neuroanatomy of developmental dyslexia: pitfalls and promise. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews Pdf.

Płoński, P., Gradkowski, W., Altarelli, I., Monzalvo, K., Van Ermingen-Marbach, M., Grande, M., Ramus, F., & Jednoróg, K. (2017). Multi-parameter machine learning approach to the neuroanatomical basis of developmental dyslexia. Human Brain Mapping, 38(2), 900‑908 Pdf.

 

Forgeot d’Arc, B., Delorme, R., Zalla, T., Lefebvre, A., Amsellem, F., Moukawane, S., Ramus, F. (2017). Gaze Direction Detection in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Autism, 21(1), 100-107. Pdf

Peyre, H., Galera, C., van der Waerden, J., Hoertel, N., Bernard, J. Y., Melchior, M., & Ramus, F. (2016). Relationship between early language skills and the development of inattention/hyperactivity symptoms during the preschool period: Results of the EDEN mother-child cohort. BMC Psychiatry, 16, 380. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-016-1091-3 Pdf

Roux, P., Smith, P., Passerieux, C., & Ramus, F. (2016). Preserved implicit mentalizing in schizophrenia despite poor explicit performance: evidence from eye tracking. Scientific Reports, 6, 34728. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep34728 Pdf